COSMETIZAREA REALITATILOR IN ROMANIA; Istoria cosmetizată a românilor. Alexandru Ioan Cuza era atras de jocurile de noroc |

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Embellished history of Romanians. Alexandru Ioan Cuza was attracted to gambling | :

A world cosmetization: The call of Moscow

Some historical figures have been transformed over the years, the real heroes. Textbooks present them as characters, positive, wise flawless when in fact there are historical sources that outlines and negative sides. NEWS Related Acts least knowing how to make the 1918 Union County Hospital -... phrase which Sibiu has debts of over ten million lei Over 760 acts of violence in schools in the first half ... Many or historians do not agree on certain details. For example, many argue that history presented in textbooks is slightly embellished and turns them on certain politicians in the real heroes, removing facts of reality. Cuza, women and gambling image first Romanian ruler was idealized by most historians over the years. History textbooks have presented as a good character as wise, but they concealed his true character. Alexandru Ioan Cuza is by far the most popular historical figure in Romania, according to a survey conducted in early 2000 by the University of Bucharest. Dozens of generations of students have learned in school about Prince reforms, modernizing the Romanian state, political sense or forcing into exile of Cuza due to its radical decisions. Decisively to building an image as good is the famous story of "the candle Cuza". The prince is today a symbol of the fight against theft and corruption. Romanian historians appreciate in unison that Cuza's reign (1859-1866) was one of the most spectacular and effective in Romanian history. He initiated and implemented major internal reforms accelerated: the secularization of the monastery (1863), agrarian reform (1864), education reform (1864), judicial reform (1864) and others, who set a modern development of the country . Face "human" the prince was, however, kept secret by educational policy imposed by the communist regime. Idealization Cuza, along with other figures such as Ştefan cel Mare and Mihai Viteazul, was part of communist nationalist policies dictated by the presidents of the country. Recent research or older Romanian historians show, however, that the Alexandru Ioan Cuza had two great passions: women and gambling. It would seem that they did actually hastened the departure of the chair and no inflection principalities united against liberals who wanted a different kind of politics. Giurescu historian who has studied long life Cuza, described him thus: "A sympathetic and intelligent man, with sharp prompt reply. Even his weaknesses - not despised, especially not despised in his youth, a glass of good wine and often pay homage to the fair sex - were from those that contemporaries regarded them patiently. On the other hand, there was no ambitious willing to do, at any price, nor career overshadowed by other great qualities orator ". An author biography Elenei Cuza, the woman ruler was married 20 years, but he barely concerned qualifies weakness of character to him, "Conqueror as she was friendly with those present take part in all parties some of them quite scandalous for those who keep their good reputation. After habit learned from Paris, where he had been left without any control during the critical age, Alexandru Cuza spend a lot of nights with friends rash that's speculating nature careless, ready to share everything he had and them remain and debt . Passionately in card games later he lost several properties inherited from parents, "says Lucia Borş in" Elena Cuza "published in 1940. Alexander was a great adventurer. A notebook found in the archives show that sober Kogalniceanu its "tick" 700 expert in lovemaking, you spent a fortune, and you have the task to deliver them Cuza. Between However, to evedienţiat one: Maria Obrenovici, who was "rank" first mistress. It seems that Obrenovic, towards the end of Cuza, joined the plotters who forced him to abdicate on February 11 1866. BRĂTIANU "TRANSYLVANIA WANT BUT NOT TRANSYLVANIAN" History Ovidiu Cluj Pecican published a text called "Mysteries century Romania twentieth century ", which gives, inter alia, in the words of the writer Panait Istrati and little known aspects of the union of Transylvania and Romania, so dot- in any history book. Writer, historian and publicist Cluj Ovidiu Pecican wrote in December 2010, the first volume of "History of Romanians" which highlights partially aimed less visible to the Romanian people, the world silent villages and women, and does not centreză text battles and figures rulers. "The reader of history need to understand that the history of a people is left to some figures, even if they are charismatic, but has recovered closer to the plurality of voices composed in the past that people. And that was not done us too much, it's a huge field, almost virgin studies, "he said during the launch of volume. Something little known about Union Ovidiu Pecican note in a text published online and called "Mysteries of Romania in the twentieth century", there are a number of testimonies contemporary on violence and lack of bluntly that new orders Bucharest has imposed immediately after December 1, 1918, its own rules. Deemed them obsolete (shaky without legal power) on all pre-order because belonged accepted and promoted by Austrian statehood. Pecican speaks of the existence of letters, reports of more or less official shreds memoirs and articles or official documents showing how to make the 1918 Union of Transylvania and as is described in history books. Among those documents mentioned, Pecican says it is surprising testimony of Panait Istrati - Romanian writer and journalist socialist publications. A full restore "She (no witness) comes from Brăila and a citizen of the Old Kingdom, it can not be suspected then that would put the page lamentations Romania or minorities in the province decurând stand. In an article, "On the conference" A martyr people ", published in the periodical Genevan" La Feuille "on May 24, 1919 (see P. Istrati," Three decades of publishing. II: between the couch and lick ", 1919- 1929 Bucharest, Ed. Humanitas, 2005, p. 7-10), Istrati nondemocratic character of the union criticizes unifier. "Sympathy for the cause Transylvanian - says Istra - which Bratianu government emissaries came to look for the capital of the world, should not be given to workers of tomorrow Swiss masters" martyr people ". [...] Those who deal with the fate of the locals do nothing to change masters ". "How about" martyrdom "people Transylvanian Hungarian yoke [spoken Vasile Lucaciu], allow us to remind the true martyrdom country satraps Romanian Romanian yoke, suffering unknown in modern Europe. Hungarian oligarchic regime, including persecution and exploitation, there has never equaled in hardness Romanian terror regime and the peasants in Transylvania have never wanted to go under the scepter of our administration. Those who know both regions know that in Transylvania see huts troglodiţilor, Ragamuffins and pellagra patients who meet everywhere in Romania. "Yes, we are told the conference that 3,000,000 Romanian Transylvania had only five representatives in the Hungarian Parliament". I do not think this parent Lucaciu me can cite the name of a Romanian peasant who represent their country in the Parliament in Bucharest and tell me if the electoral law in Hungary was more unjust than the law census in Romania, where 50 peasants were getting hardly a representative ". Istrati concludes: "All political speeches on behalf Transylvania phrase we can summarize that once saved them" great Ion Brătianu "father of the current, which said:" I Transylvania, but without Transylvania. " Tyrant VLAD ŢEPEŞ Vlad Tepes (1431 - 1476), ruler of Romanian, we have learned from history books that was the embodiment of honesty and order, and for this there was given aside from acts radical punishable by impalement close any crime, from lying to kill. Is famous episode of a cup of gold, out of sight in the central square in Targoviste. Thirsty travelers who arrived at the Royal Court used it, and the cup was stolen again in the reign Impaler. Historians who came into contact with documentary sources during Vlad Tepes say, however, that the prince was seen more as a tyrant. "The personality of Vlad Ţepeş in history is well known, both historians and people. People became familiar with the personality of Prince especially after 1990, when Romania was felt the need for justice, justice, honor, dignity. Vlad the Impaler was claimed that such a justice, a man who would bring justice. Equally, contemporary sources of Vlad Ţepeş, and I mean the fifteenth century, do not always look kindly, on the contrary, there are times when denigrated, he is accused of authoritarian rule and this seems brought and end in December 1476 ", he said Mariana Gheorghe, historical Ploieşti. Myths in history, a reference to people in leadership History Mariana Gheorghe believes that Romanians are more myths than other nations, and the source of "lies" of exaggerations in certain historical periods, except during communism, when he was grown an exacerbated cult of personality is even people that needs heroes. "As I came to understand things until this history off only to historical truth. Sooner or later, the truth comes out, and it is based on facts, the documents, the lived realities. Equally, historians cite sources, study them, analyze them can be a more subjective note or a more personal note here lived and appear what we call "the myth in history". That glorifying acts of bravery, greatness, power that a leader or a historical figure shows them at a time. And creates heroes and every people, it raises or lowers them on the pedestal by people's experiences and how he feels in relation to that leader. I do not think, in history, myths are more or less than the history of other peoples. Eventually, we must appreciate leaders, we must appreciate the struggles past. And we can not return to examine it as we have to recognize the good and the bad, "said Mariana Gheorghe. The glorification comes from the need of poetry "The exaggeration and it takes a bit of the poem. In the nineteenth century, for example, the Romantics believed that patriostismul and love of country, glorifying feats of ancestors were necesaru to bring momentum in fighting enthusiasm to achieve unity, independence or what he wanted her at the time. Each of us relates to a model. And I would appreciate a model rather than a society of contemporary history because history teaches us, if we know how to avoid mistakes, how to not repeat those mistakes. If we know ", he said Mariana Gheorghe. Trotsky, Dobrogea holidays through his journey war correspondent in the Balkans, the famous Marxist stationed next month Mangalia. Together with the doctor who hosted Dobrogea and Vladimir Ilici Lenin, Troţki a founded the Communist International. In the summer of 1913, Leon Troţki, Marxist and key figure of Soviet revolution, visited Constanta and Mangalia, as a war correspondent. Time spent at the seaside would be recorded in his book "My Life" written in exile in 1930 in Turkey. Leon Troţki was a Russian Jew born Lev Davidovici Bronstein Ukraine under the name and in Dobrogea have to know two important members of the socialist movement. As a journalist, Trotsky had founded in 1908 dedicated web bi-weekly working Pravda Russian name taken in 1912 by the new Bolshevik communist mouthpiece. In September 1912, he published in Kievskaya Myšľa (Kiev Thought) newspaper correspondent had designated Ukrainian Balkan Wars (1912-1913) - precursor of the First World War. Troţki a talked about fights of Serbia's ally Bulgaria, Montenegro and Greece regaining the Ottoman territories, and in August 1913 has arrived in Constanta. A Bulgarian doctor was hosted by Christian Rakovsky, a prominent socialist activist and journalist, who inherited from his rich family a small property on the Black Sea coast near Mangalia. Dr. Rakovsky was Socialist Party leader Romanian and had to found in Moscow in 1919, together with Trotsky and Lenin, the Comintern - the Communist International (also known as the Third International and so named because the first two such organizations, based in London and Paris, is dizolvaseră). Trotsky was fascinated by Bulgarian intellectual personality set at Gherengic, current Pecineaga settlement. "I accompanied one of his travels and I can not admire exuberant energy, alert and restless spirit, kindness and concern for unimportant people. In 15 minutes on a street in Mangalia, Rakovsky spoke Romanian, Turkish, Bulgarian, and German and French when he talked to settlers or agents. Then spoke Russian with scapeţii are many here. He talks as an owner, as a doctor, as Bulgarian, Romanian and passing that as socialist. In my eyes pass as a living miracle on the isolated streets, pleasant and carefree sea town ". During his stay in Constanta, Trotsky met and writer Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea, also Hebrew Ukrainian Socialist leader whose real name was Solomon Katz. "The Moon that I spent in Romania brought me about Dobrogeanu-Gherea, and cemented my friendship with Rakovsky you know of 1903. Most Romanian politicians have passed through the school at the beginning of Gera who introduced Marxism. That did not prevent, however, have a policy of revolutionary banditry in their prime, "Trotsky recorded in" My Life ". However, after a short time spent in Dobrogea, Leon Troţki was quick to categorize the natives by a label that troubled historians Constanta: "Here, three Romanian 2 will be primary." The statement is strongly contradicted by the national history. Over time, the value Romanian preferred to remain outside the political struggle, leaving room for a class of politicians without vocation, who wanted only administrative functions and personal advantage. Trotsky's perspective tricks he played in his own life. Ceatorul Red Army and the October Revolution (1917) was exiled by Stalin, was assassinated in 1940 at the age of 60 years in Mexico. A year later, on September 11, 1941, his friend Christian Rakovsky was executed by Soviet secret police NKVD in the forest massacre Medvedev, together with Trotsky's sister, Olga, the first wife of Communist leader Lev Kamenev. "NOT Banat History History of Romania" Banat History is fabulous, but Banat was completely ignored by Romanian historians. All historians, even those fashionable today as Lucian Boia or Neagu Djuvara, or dealing with Romanian history from the perspective of Romanian Land and Moldavia. "It wrote about the history of Banat and not written even today. Even now, my fellow historians in Bucharest I say that we are to blame for not advertising in magazines there. Historians from here published in Banat and Cluj, but not in Bucharest, "said historian Ioan Haţegan Timisoara. Banat was part of the powerful Kingdom of Hungary, while just as many centuries began to appear, hesitant first Romanian principality. When Timisoara was a strong fortress, which became the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary (1316 -1325), after Charles of Anjou moves Robeta residence here, Bucharest was probably still a long village and has remained so. Another reason why the history of Banat was held in silence is that kings and rulers from Romanian Banat were not, so it was better for them to be ignored. "There was a desire to promote the region in any way. It was better not to speak. Banat History was not Romania's history, but even any of Transylvania, which is connected only at certain times. It's very much separate. Istroria Banat is related to the Kingdom of Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, the Habsburg Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the only from 1919 Romania ", said historian. The few things that were said about Banat were embellished in the national-communist history. "It can not say that he lied, but rather not say. The focus was on Romanization scene, characters. Name personalities were Romanized. Even Gheorghe Doja Romanian made him, but he was Szekler, or Paul Chinezul ", added Ioan Haţegan. Myth victory of Mihai Viteazul Călugăreni Today there are many people who wonder if the victory of Mihai Viteazul of Călugăreni was important or just a page in the history mythical national team. Some historians consider the battle of Calugareni was only an episode which was given much attention. On the other hand, Grigore Ioniţă, Ph.D in history, says that truth as it emerges from the wells can be determined by reconstructing the event. "First, you must understand that this battle is part of the campaign actions Ottoman triggered by Mihai Viteazul since autumn 1594," explains Grigore Ioniţă In this battle, Mihai Viteazul tried to stop advancing Ottoman army, which was led the grand vizir Sinan Pasha. Army numbered 40,000 soldiers that were intended defeating Romanian army led by Prince and the country's transformation into pashalic Romanian. Călugăreni, Valley Neajilovului on August 23, 1595, Mihai Viteazul got unexpected victory with only 16,000 soldiers. "The battle may be decisive if Artillery Transylvania sent to help Michael and directed by Albert Kiraly, and would have done just debt. Apparently filoturci landowners had managed to bribe the Transylvanian army commanders, which explains the action without conviction that army during the battle, "explains Grigore Ioniţă. read all about: truth vlad tepes alexandru ioan cuza embellish history lies right myths legends
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