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Wednesday, March 22, 2017

American pancakes

American pancakes  Ingredients
400 ml of milk
200 g flour
2 eggs
3 tablespoons brown sugar
3/4 teaspoon salt
2 tablespoons butter or margarine
1 pachetel praf baking

3 vanilla sugar (optional)
Preparation
Combine all ingredients in a large bowl. First put milk and mix it with sugar, add egg, pinch of salt and butter. Combine flour, baking powder and later on gradually incorporates an original composition. It is recommended that you use a mixer that enables you to work. Mix well until lumps are gone. For extra flavor, add to this mixture and vanilla sugar.
Heat a pan that add a pinch of butter. Let the butter to melt, and then, with a small ladle, take the pancake pan and pour in the middle. Let pancake to ripen, and when you see bubbles appear in the liquid turns it on the other side with a blade.
Serve with your favorite jam, fruit or, if you're not crazy about jams, opt for cream cheese, nuttella or simple. Good appetite!
healthy and tasty cooked: American pancakes  appetite! "



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Supa crema de telina _Celery SOUP

gateste sanatos si gustos: supa crema de telina "


Supa crema de telina.
Foarte gustoasa si sigur va place si copiilor mofturosi
Ingrediente
400 gr ţelină frunze si radacina
2-3 cartofi
2 cepe
1 legatura pătrunjel verde
sare piper
4-5 linguri ulei de măsline
1 lingura boia dulce
4-5 căţei de usturoi 300 g pâine integrala
Mod de preparare
Se curăţă legumele, se spală, se taie bucăţi mai mici şi se pun să fiarbă în apă cu sare şi ulei de măsline.
Se lasă la foc mic, acoperite cu un capac şi, după ce au fiert, se scot într-un bol, se pasează cu blenderul şi se amestecă cu sare, boia, piper şi o parte din pătrunjelul tocat mărunt.
Se mai lasă să dea în câteva clocote, apoi se lasă la răcit câteva minute şi, între timp, se taie pâinea integrală cubuleţe. Se pun crutoanele în tavă, se stropesc cu ulei de măsline amestecat cu usturoi pisat şi se lasă să se rumenească. Supa cremă se serveşte cu crutoanele crocante.


Sfaturi
Pentru că legumele fierte să îşi păstreze culoarea, scoate-le din apa în care au fiert şi pune-le într-un vas cu apa rece sau cuburi de gheaţă
Pentru a avea rezultate mai bune atunci când coci o prăjitură/ un tort/ brioșe/chec etc., lasă untul și ouăle la temperatura camerei peste noapte.


: "
Supa crema de telina.
Foarte gustoasa si sigur va place si copiilor mofturosi
Ingrediente
400 gr ţelină frunze si radacina
2-3 cartofi
2 cepe
1 legatura pătrunjel verde
sare piper
4-5 linguri ulei de măsline
1 lingura boia dulce
4-5 căţei de usturoi 300 g pâine integrala
Mod de preparare
Se curăţă legumele, se spală, se taie bucăţi mai mici şi se pun să fiarbă în apă cu sare şi ulei de măsline.
Se lasă la foc mic, acoperite cu un capac şi, după ce au fiert, se scot într-un bol, se pasează cu blenderul şi se amestecă cu sare, boia, piper şi o parte din pătrunjelul tocat mărunt.
Se mai lasă să dea în câteva clocote, apoi se lasă la răcit câteva minute şi, între timp, se taie pâinea integrală cubuleţe. Se pun crutoanele în tavă, se stropesc cu ulei de măsline amestecat cu usturoi pisat şi se lasă să se rumenească. Supa cremă se serveşte cu crutoanele crocante.


Sfaturi
Pentru că legumele fierte să îşi păstreze culoarea, scoate-le din apa în care au fiert şi pune-le într-un vas cu apa rece sau cuburi de gheaţă
Pentru a avea rezultate mai bune atunci când coci o prăjitură/ un tort/ brioșe/chec etc., lasă untul și ouăle la temperatura camerei peste noapte."

TURMERIC USES AND DOSAGE; Google+

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Turmeric Fights Inflammation and Cancer: Here is How Much You Should Take and How Often

Historically, spices are treasured for the unique flavors they bring to food and for their healing properties.
Most spices provide some health benefits.
But one spice that shines for its medicinal benefits is turmeric.
You may have seen turmeric in the news as a potential treatment for diseases as diverse as arthritis, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, psoriasis, and Alzheimer’s.
But does this spice live up to its press?
And can you get the benefits of turmeric from food alone or should you take a turmeric supplement?
Turmeric and curcumin are often used interchangeably. What’s the difference between them?
Here’s everything you need to know about the health benefits of turmeric.

Traditional Health Benefits of Turmeric

spice_turmeric_brain_health[1]
Turmeric is a spice that comes from the root of Curcuma longa, a beautiful flowering tropical plant native to India.
Turmeric has been used for healing for thousands of years going back to Ayurveda, India’s 5,000-year-old natural healing system. (1)
Cooking residue found on pottery shards shows that people in parts of Asia cooked with turmeric 4,500 years ago. (2)
It is one of several spices used to make curry powder, an essential ingredient in south Asian cuisine.
It’s usually used dry, but the root can also be grated fresh like ginger.
This versatile spice was used traditionally to improve digestion, dissolve gallstones, relieve arthritis, and alleviate symptoms of allergies and colds. (34)
It was applied externally for wounds and skin conditions.
It was also used as a beauty treatment. (5)
Soaps and creams containing turmeric are experiencing a surge in popularity today.
Turmeric paste is still applied to the skin of both the bride and groom in a ceremony before marriage in some parts of India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan to beautify skin and as a form of good luck.

The Relationship Between Turmeric and Curcumin

Many websites, even authoritative medical sites, incorrectly use the terms turmeric, curcumin, and even curry powder interchangeably.
This makes it hard to understand the information on turmeric.
Let’s clear up any confusion.
Curry powder is a mix of many spices including the spice turmeric.
Turmeric contains hundreds of compounds, each with its own unique properties.
But of all the compounds in turmeric, curcumin is by far the most promising and is the most widely studied.
Curcumin is not unique to turmeric, it is also found in ginger, another spice with a long history of medicinal use.
You can find many websites that make unrealistic claims about turmeric.
A few natural health websites boldly state that turmeric has been proven beneficial for over 600 ailments.
But the vast majority of studies were done on the isolated compound curcumin, not turmeric.
The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health says this about turmeric studies: “… there is little reliable evidence to support the use of turmeric for any health condition because few clinical trials have been conducted.” (6)
Why would this be?
It’s easier to study a compound like curcumin which can be isolated and standardized and acts more drug-like than spice-like.
But the overriding reason may be that there is little monetary incentive to research a spice that’s already found in millions of kitchens worldwide unless it can be transformed into a substance that can be patented.

Proven Health Benefits of Turmeric

As we’ve seen, the majority of studies have been done on curcumin — not turmeric — and it looks like there aren’t many health conditions this compound won’t help.
Proven health benefits of curcumin include alleviating allergies, breaking up the brain plaques of Alzheimer’s, easing the pain of arthritis, treating depression, controlling diabetes, and decreasing risk of heart attack. (78910111213)
But what about turmeric — what is it good for?turmeric-heart-320x209
So far, turmeric has been found to contain at least 20 compounds that are antibiotic, 14 known cancer preventatives, 12 that are anti-tumor, 12 anti-inflammatory, and at least 10 antioxidants. (14)
Turmeric is considered a potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, and anticancer agent. (1516)
And studies point to a few specific conditions that turmeric can help.

Turmeric for Alzheimer’s

One of the most exciting benefits of turmeric is that it may prevent Alzheimer’s.
Elderly villagers in India who eat turmeric as a regular part of their diet have the lowest rate of Alzheimer’s in the world. (17)
Over 200 compounds have been identified in turmeric and curcumin is not the only one being studied for Alzheimer’s. (18)
Another compound in turmeric, turmerone, stimulates the production of new neurons and seems to encourage the brain to repair itself. (19)
This property could make it a useful treatment for a variety of degenerative brain diseases besides Alzheimer’s, including Parkinson’s, traumatic brain injury, and stroke. (20)

Turmeric for Arthritis

Arthritis and other inflammatory diseases are extremely common.
Over $650 million is spent in the United States every year on natural remedies for treating chronic inflammation.
Turmeric is anti-inflammatory and has been found to be beneficial for arthritis when taken internally and when applied topically. (21)
The Arthritis Foundation reports that turmeric can provide long-term improvement in pain and function for those with osteoarthritis.
Their suggested dosage for osteoarthritis is to take one capsule (400-600 mg) three times per day or 0.5-1.0 gram of powdered turmeric root up to 3 grams per day.

Turmeric for Cancer

Curcumin is a promising candidate as a cancer treatment. (22)
It selectively kill tumor cells while leaving normal cells unharmed and works synergistically to increase the effectiveness of both chemotherapy and radiation. (23)
Dr. Saraswati Sukumar is a medical oncologist at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and has been involved in hundreds of studies on the effects of turmeric on cancer. (24)
She has found that eating turmeric prepared in food provides more benefits than taking either curcumin or turmeric supplements. (25)

Turmeric Is Better than Prozac for Depression

Turmeric has impressive antidepressant properties.
In fact it’s been found to be more a more potent antidepressant than fluoxetine, the generic name for Prozac. (26)
It is believed to work by reducing the stress hormone cortisol while increasing serotonin, the neurotransmitter associated with happiness.
This is great news for the millions who have tried antidepressants without success or for those who experience unacceptable side effects (27)
Unlike antidepressant drugs, turmeric either in food or as a supplement can used indefinitely.
It can also be safely combined with other natural remedies for depression such as St. John’s wort and SAM-e. (28)

Enhancing Turmeric Naturally

turmeric-flip
Unfortunately, turmeric’s main active ingredient curcumin is not very well absorbed.
Unless the right steps are taken, it largely passes through the intestines unutilized.
You can greatly increase absorption by adding black pepper, as is done in curry powder.
The compound piperine found in black pepper increases curcumin absorption by a whopping 2,000%. (29)
Since curcumin is fat soluble, its bioavailability is enhanced when turmeric is cooked in oil. (30)
Again, tradition has this covered.
Indian cuisine liberally uses peanut, sesame and coconut oil, and butter-derived ghee. (31)

Turmeric Tea

turmeric-tea-320x213
Turmeric tea is a great compromise between to trying to get enough turmeric into your daily diet and taking supplements.
Boiling turmeric in water for 10 minutes increases the solubility of curcumin up to 12 times. (32)
The people of Okinawa, Japan are the longest-lived in the world, with an average life span of 81.2 years.
And they drink large amounts of turmeric tea. (33)
To make basic turmeric tea, put 1/2 teaspoon of turmeric powder in 1 cup of water and simmer for 10 minutes.
Strain if needed and serve.
If you actually enjoy it, you’re in luck because not everyone is crazy about it.
It’s very bitter and medicinal-tasting.
I’ve been experimenting to find a recipe that’s both healthy and delicious.
This recipe is tasty and assures maximum bioavailability by both heating and adding coconut oil, a top brain-healthy fat.

Liquid Gold Turmeric Tea

  • 1/2 cup water
  • 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1/2 cup coconut milk
  • 1 tablespoon coconut oil
  • Honey or stevia to taste
Bring water to a boil. Add turmeric powder and simmer gently for 10 minutes.
Add coconut milk and coconut oil. Heat until warmed through.
Sweeten with honey or stevia to taste.
Feel free to experiment with the ingredients and proportions to create the brew that is just right for you.
You can substitute almond milk or regular milk for coconut milk, as long as it contains some fat.
Ghee, traditional clarified Indian butter, works great instead of coconut oil and adds a rich buttery flavor.

Turmeric Dosage

Most of us in Western countries are familiar only with the turmeric found in the dried spice section at the grocery store.
But you can buy turmeric root in some produce sections — it looks a lot like ginger, a plant cousin that’s another source of curcumin.
turmeric-2
According to the University of Maryland’s Complementary and Alternative Medicine Guide, here are suggested turmeric dosages for adults:
  • Cut root: 1.5-3 grams per day
  • Dried, powdered root: 1-3 grams per day
  • Fluid extract (1:1): 30-90 drops per day
  • Tincture (1:2): 15-30 drops, 4 times per day
Their recommended curcumin dosage for a standardized powder supplement is 400-600 mg, 3 times per day.
Look for products standardized for 95% curcuminoids that also contain piperine or black pepper extract.
When unsure, follow the dosage instructions on labels. (34)

Turmeric Supplement Side Effects

Turmeric consumed as a spice in food is considered safe.
There are almost no known turmeric side effects except for an increased risk of kidney stones in those susceptible. (35)
But I was somewhat surprised to learn that turmeric supplements carry a large number of possible side effects, interactions, and warnings.
While clearly turmeric and curcumin are not identical, their respective side effects and reactions are treated as one on sites like Drugs.comRXlist.com, and the National Institutes of Health’sMedLine.
All three sites were in agreement that you should not take either curcumin or turmeric supplements if:
  • You are pregnant. Curcumin stimulates the uterus and raises the risk of a miscarriage. The safety of this spice while breastfeeding has not been established.
  • You are trying to conceive. If you are having trouble conceiving, turmeric could add to your difficulties.
  • You have a hormone-sensitive condition. Turmeric can act like estrogen so should be avoided if you have reproductive cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids.
  • You have gallstones or gallbladder disease. Turmeric can make gallbladder problems worse.
  • You are scheduled for surgery in the next two weeks. Turmeric increases the risk of bleeding.
  • You take medications that slow clotting such as aspirin, clopidogrel, diclofenac, ibuprofen, naproxen, and warfarin. Turmeric increases the risk of bruising and bleeding.
  • You have GERD, ulcers, or other stomach problems. Turmeric can make GERD worse and cause gastric irritation, stomach upset, nausea, and diarrhea.
  • You take drugs to reduce stomach acid. Turmeric can interfere with the actions of medications like Zantac, Tagamet, and Nexium, increasing the production of stomach acid. (36)
  • You take diabetes medication. Turmeric increases the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
  • You have an iron deficiency. Turmeric can prevent the absorption of iron.


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Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Alexander Lebed & Transnistria: Dnester River - Wikipedia

Alexander Lebed - Wikipedia:







Transnistria: relic of a bygone era

BY 

TIRASPOL, Moldova — Think of the end of the Soviet Union as the Big Bang of recent politics. The successor states are the new planets — large or small, and subject to varying amounts of gravitational pull from Russia. And then there are the asteroids, in this case composed of breakaway republics, autonomous regions and disputed territories. Fragmentary relics of a derelict empire, they seem vaguely distant until they threaten to collide with larger bodies.
One such asteroid, bordering the Ukraine, calls itself the Pridnestrovian-Moldovan Republic. Elsewhere, this somewhat unwieldy name is shortened and anglicized to Transnistria or similar variations, meaning “across the Dnestr River.” Transnistria has its own capital, Tiraspol, as well as a national flag, army, police force, currency and parliament. However, it isn’t recognized by a single sovereign state. In fact, the international community recognizes the territory as part of Moldova, one of the Soviet successor states.
Transnistria is no beauty spot. Tiraspol, for example, presents an exceedingly bleak picture of a city whose infrastructure is coming apart at the seams. Large masonry cracks deface public buildings and apartment blocks. Roads, many of them potholed, are not much better. The few shops stock limited supplies of low-quality merchandise. In many ways the city seems frozen in time, with bronze Lenins still watching over parks and offices. The red passport of the former Soviet Union is the “official” one of this self-proclaimed republic and the streets in Tiraspol are still named after such dead communist heroes as Josef Sverdlov and Karl Liebknecht.
The elderly and the infirm await handouts on the streets. The margin of survival for many other of Tiraspol’s 50,000 residents is not much higher. Outside the city’s main marketplace is a flea market, where people lay out family possessions upon blankets, hoping for sales. Some sell shoes but only one of a pair is usually displayed, to prevent potential “customers” from trying both on and then running off without paying.
There are also, of course, corrupt elites that fare much better. In both Moldova and Transnistria the local mafias are doing quite well, thank you. And in Transnistria, described by one diplomat as “an oasis where international law does not apply,” the lines between the mafia and the government tend to get blurry. A Dutch agronomist working in Moldova dismissed the breakaway republic’s authorities, saying, “They aren’t really communist, more like opportunists and anarchists. You name it — arms smuggling, money laundering and drugs — they’re involved.” Exactly how much, though, is difficult to pin down.
Transnistria is a 4,163-sq. km, banana-shaped sliver of land that mostly straddles the east bank of the Dnestr River, and owes its existence to political machinations of the communist era. In 1812, Imperial Russia seized Romanian-speaking Bessarabia, the west bank of the Dnestr, from the Ottoman Empire. After Russia was forced to yield Bessarabia to Romania at the end of World War I, the Soviet leadership created a small Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic from Ukrainian territory on the east bank of the river. This was in order to pursue irredentist claims.
After World War II, Stalin recovered Bessarabia, and combined both banks of the river to form the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic with Kishinev (Chisinau in Moldovan) as its capital. The east bank was favored with industrial development, and by 1990 would produce 40 percent of the Moldovan national product and 90 percent of the republic’s electricity. Just as importantly, Soviet Russia’s 14th Army was based there. Ethnically, the east bank’s population had a Slavic majority (Russian 25 percent, Ukrainian 28 percent) and a large Moldovan minority (43 percent). On the Dnestr’s west bank, Moldovans easily predominated.
During the late 1980s, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev’s perestroika opened a Pandora’s box of nationalistic fervor throughout the decaying empire. In the Moldovan Soviet Republic this became acute as, of all the republics, it was the only one with something of a “homeland” outside the Soviet Union. In Chisinau, some politicians began to agitate for unity with Romania. A few called for Russians to “go home.” A language law was passed in 1989 that made Moldovan (really Romanian) the state language and abandoned the Cyrillic script then used for Moldovan for the Latin one, as used in Romania.
Understandably, these actions inflamed Slavic sentiment on the east bank of the Dnestr. Politicians there declared a separate Soviet republic on Sept. 2, 1990. After the failed communist putsch in Moscow on Aug. 27, 1991, the original Soviet republics, including Moldova, quickly declared independence from the Soviet Union. Transnistria, which had supported the putsch, followed by declaring independence from Moldova. It held local elections in December of that year and Igor Smirnov, a one-time factory manager, became president. He still rules. Meanwhile Moldova, already poor, was not keen to lose its industrial base.
In 1992, local clashes between Moldovan police and Transnistrian militia escalated into a civil war that cost over 1,000 lives. Romanian volunteers joined the Moldovans while Ukrainian Cossacks and elements of the Russian 14th Army supported the Transnistrians. The latter were able to seize two cities (Bendery, Dubossary) on the east bank of the Dnestr. The Russian commander of the 14th Army, Gen. Alexander Lebed, who had blocked armed Moldovan attempts grab Bendery, subsequently assumed a slightly more evenhanded approach and halted the fighting. Now a provincial governor in Russia, Lebed was later quoted as saying, “I told the hooligans in Tiraspol and the fascists in Chisinau — either you stop killing each other, or else I’ll shoot the whole lot of you with my tanks.”
Since then, the ceasefire has continued. Russia, Moldova and Transnistria each contribute 500 soldiers to a Multilateral Commission, based in Bendery, that enforces the peace. Attempts to solve the political dilemma have produced suggested settlement terminology such as “special status” or “a common state,” but have then foundered on what those terms mean in practice to the differing sides.
Recently, however, signs of a potential thaw have emerged. Early this year, Moldovan electors, despairing of their dying economy, voted the Communist Party into power. The party leader and now Moldovan president, Vladimir Voronin, is an ethnic Russian who has been making conciliatory noises toward Transnistria. In return, on May 5, the separatists released three dissidents, held for nine years, who had agitated for a Moldovan-Romanian union. Whether this can lead to more fruitful possibilities is not yet certain.
There is some dissonance within ruling circles and Smirnov may face credible challenges in the next local elections. Political variety of this sort, however limited, has not translated into a sufficiently varied and unencumbered local press.
“The situation is not good in Transnistria,” Sidoroff related. “If papers try for independence they are harassed. One, Nova Gazetta, though rather tame, was confiscated and is now published in Chisinau and smuggled across. Another, Dobri Dan was slightly critical of the regime and well written from a journalistic point of view. Dobri Dan was hit with a libel suit and ordered to pay $25,000. Upon appeal that was reduced to $6,000 but that is still a lot of money here.”
The continuing Russian military presence, aside from the peacekeeping contingent, has complicated the political exchange. Since 1992, the 14th Army has been much reduced in size to roughly 2,600, and now calls itself the Operational Group of Russian Forces (OGRV). Despite local uneasiness, it is due to depart by the end of 2002. For now, the Russians have a very large base complex, complete with airport, in Tiraspol. The biggest difficulty is with the large military stores, estimated at some 42,000 tons, stored at Tiraspol and at another facility in Rivnica.
In 1999, the OSCE extended its mandate ” . . . in terms of ensuring transparency of the removal and destruction of Russian ammunition and armaments . . . ” and offered to provide technical assistance for this to be done. Although much of the equipment is old and some even predates World War II, there is fear of it reaching the open market, especially, as Sidoroff says, “There are in this region certain groups and individuals who sleep better at night knowing a box of hand grenades is nearby.”
For Russia, pulling out the equipment represents a financial burden it can ill afford. They have tried to sell some of it to foreign countries but found no takers. Smirnov, on the other hand, has claimed that the stores belong to Transnistria and that Russia can have them back only after paying $3 billion. Also, Russia has told the OSCE it can have access to the stores to make an exact verification of the amount, but Transnistria has refused to facilitate this.
Whether Smirnov really means what he says and whether Russia is being fully open with the OSCE on this matter is difficult to gauge. Russia is in some ways the ultimate guarantor of Transnistria’s existence. While Transnistria’s cause has received more sympathy in Moscow from people like Russian nationalist politician Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Russian President Vladimir Putin is certainly not averse to increasing Russian influence in the “near abroad,” however distasteful he might find local rulers. Therefore, a settlement of the arms issue as well as an overall resolution of the situation may depend on how close Moldova gravitates toward Russia and what prices are paid for that.
For now, Transnistria and the other self-proclaimed republics that rose from the Soviet detritus rankle at the lack of international recognition. Their egos have been somewhat massaged by their recognizing each other. Today, therefore, Tiraspol is recognized by such disparate “republics” as Abkhazia and South Ossetia, once parts of Soviet Georgia, by Nagorno-Karabakh, formerly under Azerbaijan’s rule, and by Gaugazia, an autonomous republic within Moldova. A regional joke has it that that same Russian acronym used for the post-Soviet Commonwealth of Independent States can also be used to render the breakaway club, again in Russian, as the Commonwealth of Unrecognized States.



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